Wisconsin Legislature Votes To End Supplemental Unemployment Benefits

By Megan Hart

Republicans in the state Legislature have voted to discontinue federal unemployment insurance benefits that were added during the coronavirus pandemic.

The weekly $300 benefits, down from $600 earlier in the pandemic, were set to expire in September. Unless Wednesday’s move is vetoed by Gov. Tony Evers, they’ll end much sooner for Wisconsinites. His administration did not immediately respond to a request for comment on the vote.

The bill passed the Senate without debate. The vote was on party lines, with 20 Republicans in favor and 12 Democrats opposed.

In contrast, there were more than two hours of discussion in the Assembly, where Republicans focused on the challenges facing Wisconsin businesses. More businesses than not have "Help Wanted" signs in the window, Speaker Robin Vos, R-Rochester, noted. Ending supplemental unemployment benefits won't be a silver bullet to address the lack of workers, but unemployment is meant to serve as a short-term bridge, he said.

"Now, if we were in the middle of a recession or a pandemic where jobs are difficult to come by, I could understand, perhaps, those on the other side who advocate for keeping the bonus unemployment longer," he said. "But we are now in the most critical season for many businesses in Wisconsin, and that's the summer."

Several Republican representatives discussed their own experiences as business owners. Rep. Michael Schraa, R-Oshkosh, said he pays workers an average of $15 to $17 at his restaurant, but he's struggled to hire enough employees during the pandemic.

Similarly, Rep. Robert Brooks, R-Saukville, said he recently spent about $800 on social media ads to recruit workers for one of his businesses. They resulted in just three interviews. He's heard from thousands of constituents facing similar challenges, he said. 

Rep. David Steffen, R-Green Bay, argued Republican representatives have more experience as small business owners and should therefore take the lead on related policies. But Rep. Francesca Hong, D-Madison, a restaurant owner herself, countered, saying legislators should also represent the views of the state's workforce, not just its industry.

Rep. Katrina Shankland, D-Stevens Point, brought up one of her constituents who is on long-term furlough. The woman expressed concerns she might not be able to wait for her job to come back if the enhanced unemployment benefits are discontinued.

Several Democrats talked about how the state's worker shortage dates back to before the pandemic, arguing Wisconsin doesn't provide enough services to attract new workers. They cited legalizing marijuana, expanding Medicaid, improving public transit and increasing access to child care. 

Rep. Gordon Hintz, D-Oshkosh, pointed to a memo released Tuesday showing Wisconsin took in unprecedented tax revenue in April and May. According to the document from the Legislative Fiscal Bureau, the state's tax revenue will outpace projections by more than $4 billion over a three-year period. It specifically cited the supplemental unemployment benefits as a factor. 

Democrats also pointed to research suggesting there's no evidence the additional unemployment benefits are driving the worker shortage.

Ultimately, the bill passed the Assembly with a vote of 60-37. More than two dozen states have already discontinued the supplemental benefits, which Congress passed three times during the pandemic.

The legislation passed Wednesday ends four types of federal unemployment aid: Pandemic Unemployment Assistance, Pandemic Emergency Unemployment Compensation, Federal Pandemic Unemployment Compensation and Mixed Earner Unemployment Compensation.

Preliminary data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics shows Wisconsin’s April unemployment rate was 3.9 percent, lower than all but 10 states and down more than 10 percent compared to April 2020.